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1 in 4 U.S. Teenagers Has Had a Concussion


By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Could 5, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Practically one in 4 American teenagers has suffered a minimum of one concussion, in response to new analysis.

And although extra teenagers are self-reporting sports-related concussions, visits to the emergency room for these traumatic head accidents fell between 2012 and 2018.

“One cause that would clarify why adolescents who take part in sports activities noticed a rise in self-reported concussion might be as a result of larger consciousness of these kinds of accidents,” mentioned examine writer Philip Veliz. He’s an assistant analysis professor on the College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing, in Ann Arbor.

For the examine, his group checked out practically 53,000 college students in grades 8, 10 and 12, and located that self-reported concussions rose between 2016 and 2020. Particularly, in 2016, 19.5% of teenagers mentioned they’d skilled a minimum of one concussion; by 2020 that quantity had risen to 24.6%, the findings confirmed.

“Self-reported concussions might be rising provided that each kids and oldsters have larger data with respect to those accidents,” Veliz mentioned. “We’ve seen a larger effort within the U.S. to teach the inhabitants relating to the dangers related to head accidents, and will have larger data with respect to signs related to these kinds of accidents.”

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Self-reported concussion, nevertheless, didn’t improve throughout all teams. There was no improve, for example, amongst teenagers who didn’t take part in sports activities.

Veliz mentioned these new findings don’t contradict research based mostly on emergency division knowledge which have reported a decline in these kinds of accidents.

“Extra adolescents could also be in search of take care of these accidents, together with care from well being professionals exterior the emergency division who’ve applicable analysis and administration abilities,” Veliz defined.

The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention describes a concussion as a sort of mind damage that occurs when a blow to the top or physique causes the top and mind to maneuver quickly forwards and backwards, inflicting adjustments within the mind.

Whereas they is probably not life-threatening, concussions can nonetheless be critical. Signs could embrace a headache, neck ache, nausea, ringing within the ears, dizziness or tiredness. Extra critical signs embrace convulsions or seizures, an incapacity to get up and lack of consciousness, in response to the U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication.

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Main sports activities organizations, together with these governing youth sports activities in the US, have taken steps to scale back concussion threat in recent times.

Veliz mentioned it’s important, with the rise in experiences of sweet sixteen concussions, for the general public to concentrate on these accidents and the most effective methods to stop and deal with them.

“Concussions look like a standard damage amongst adolescents. Roughly one in 4 have indicated any such damage,” Veliz mentioned. “Continued efforts to teach the inhabitants on each the danger and administration of those accidents ought to nonetheless stay a precedence because it pertains to adolescent well being.”

Dr. Teresa Murray Amato, head of emergency medication at Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills in New York Metropolis, reviewed the findings. She mentioned extra consciousness of concussion amongst teen athletes is vital for maintaining wholesome.

“It’s unclear if the precise variety of concussions are rising or if elevated schooling and consciousness of what concussion signs are results in elevated self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.

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She famous that many college districts are educating college students and oldsters concerning the hazard of not reporting signs.

“As we be taught extra about long-term unwanted side effects of childhood concussions, you will need to observe each will increase within the variety of concussions in addition to self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.

Reporting concussions could result in growth of how to maintain athletes in tip-top form, she added.

“Elevated self-reporting can also assist public well being officers and college officers create safeguards to maintain pupil athletes as wholesome as doable whereas partaking in organized sports activities which may be at a excessive threat of concussions,” Amato mentioned.

The findings had been revealed Could 4 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation.

The researchers harassed that continued efforts to observe and forestall concussion are wanted. One limitation of the examine was use of self-reported measures of concussion, they famous.

Extra data

To be taught extra about concussion, go to the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention.

SOURCES: Philip Veliz, PhD, assistant analysis professor, College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing, Ann Arbor; Teresa Murray Amato, MD, chairwoman, emergency medication, Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills, New York Metropolis; Journal of the American Medical Affiliation, Could 4, 2021

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