By TV Mohandas Pai & S Krishnan
The finance minister seems to have been conservative in estimating the Centre’s Gross Tax Income (GTR) collections for FY21 and FY22. The Funds Estimates (BE) of the FY21 GTR was Rs 24.23 lakh crore, and was revised downwards to Rs 19 lakh crore within the FY22 Funds. This Revised Estimate (RE) for FY21 is decrease than the precise GTR of Rs 20.10 lakh crore collected in FY20.
The Centre collected about 80% of the RE FY21 GTR between April 2020 and January 2021, as in comparison with 71% of RE FY20 GTR between April 2019 and January 2020. The FY21 GTR collected as much as January 2021 is Rs 15.15 lakh crore, marginally decrease than Rs 15.31 lakh crore collected as much as January 2020. The precise GTR assortment in February and March 2020 was Rs 4.79 lakh crore whereas the GTR to be collected in February and March 2021 is Rs 3.85 lakh crore if RE FY21 is to be met (see graphic).
A GTR of Rs 3.32 lakh crore was collected in March 2020, regardless of being a foul month for tax assortment. The GTR collected in FY20 was 7% decrease than the RE20. This was primarily resulting from tapering down of financial exercise and the transition to Bharat Stage VI by the auto trade, which kinds about 49% of the manufacturing trade. The tax assortment within the months of February and March, and the share that is of precise tax assortment in FY18, FY19 and FY20 are given within the accompanying graphic.
From this information, it’s obvious that the quantity of taxes to be collected in the course of the months of February and Mar 2021 to satisfy the RE FY21 is decrease than the quantities collected in February and March of the earlier fiscal years. Company earnings for the September 2020 quarter have been at an all-time excessive, which was subsequently surpassed by larger company earnings within the December 2020 quarter. That is evidenced by the best company tax assortment, in December 2020 at Rs 1.27 lakh crore. That is 57% larger than the company tax assortment of Rs 0.81 lakh crore in December 2019.
The revenue tax collected throughout October-December 2020 was Rs 1.31 lakh crore in comparison with Rs 1.05 lakh crore in October-December 2019. The company tax and revenue tax collected within the December quarter of FY21 is 30% larger than the quantity collected within the December quarter of FY20!
Within the case of GST, the federal government has collected about 88% of the RE by January 2021, as in comparison with 81% of the REFY20 GST collected as much as January 2020. The gross GST income collected in February 2021 is Rs 1.13 lakh crore, 7% larger than the GST revenues of February 2020. The GST collections in February 2021 exceeded Rs 1 lakh crore for the fifth consecutive month, and crossed Rs 1.1 lakh crore for the third time in a row put up the pandemic, supported by financial restoration andimproved compliance. Because the February 2021 assortment is already excessive, we estimate the collections in February and March 2021 to be about Rs 1 lakh crore, exceeding the RE FY21 GST by about Rs 40,000 crore.
The month-to-month GTR, over the 4 months from October 2020 to January 2021, is larger than that for the corresponding interval in FY20 by a median of 27%. Making use of the typical improve of 27%, the whole GTR throughout Feb and Mar 2021 may very well be about Rs 6.08 lakh crore, leading to a rise in GTR assortment over REFY21 by Rs 2.25 lakh crore. Consequently, precise tax assortment in FY21 may very well be about Rs 21.25 lakh crore.
The upper tax assortment throughout this 12 months will have an effect on the BE for the following 12 months. The BE FY22 GTR is Rs 22.17 lakh crore, a rise of about 17% over RE FY21 GTR. Assuming the precise GTR in FY21 to be Rs 21.25 lakh crore, the rise in BE FY22 GTR over RE FY21 GTR could also be solely 4%. The nominal GDP development fee for FY22 is estimated to be 15%. The GTR for FY22 might improve to Rs 24.44 lakh crore if we issue within the nominal GDP development fee on the precise GTR assortment this 12 months.
Elevated financial exercise would deliver in additional taxes this fiscal and the following. The federal government ought to use the additional tax assortment this 12 months to pay GST dues to states, and repay all pending GST, company and particular person tax refunds to taxpayers until at the least February 2021, in order that there might be no overhang of previous refunds within the subsequent 12 months. The federal government ought to settle all incentives for exports, full subsidy claims and backlog of spending for infrastructure and defence in order that it could actually begin the brand new fiscal 12 months on a clear slate. It ought to proceed the borrowing programme introduced in Funds FY22 and never reduce it down. This may enhance the standard of government-spending subsequent 12 months and influence development positively.
Pai is chairman, Aarin Capital Companions, and Krishnan is a tax advisor