The just-concluded fiscal yr was a difficult one for Coal India (CIL), with the corporate having to deal with demand decline and import substitution, even because it confronted points with coal high quality. CIL chairman and managing director Pramod Agrawal speaks to Indronil Roychowdhury about how the corporate managed the difficulties, and the challenges awaiting it within the new fiscal yr. Excerpts:
How has CIL recast its enterprise previously yr, given the pandemic?
We responded to the scenario with resilience. In the course of the lockdown, we felt a decline in demand, however have been nonetheless required to stimulate provides by way of out-of-the-box measures. We focussed on growing e-auction volumes, moderately than premiums. We’ve got closed the yr with 124 million tonne of e-auction allocation.
We relaxed circumstances to draw clients: the set off degree or minimal assured amount has been raised from 75% to 80%, coal as much as 120% of annual contracted amount (ACQ) has been provided. ACQ was raised to as much as 100% of normative requirement for energy sector shoppers. Additionally, energy sector FSAs have been signed with out hyperlink to efficiency, and versatile lifting was allowed for non-regulated sectors all year long. All these measures saved our gross sales buoyed to some extent.
We ended FY21 producing 596 MT in opposition to final fiscal’s 602.1 MT. Our offtake in FY21 fiscal has been 573.8 MT in opposition to final fiscal’s 581.4 MT. Additionally, the demand shrinkage from our main coal client, energy sector impeded provides whereas growing coal stock at pitheads to over 99MT. Enhancing manufacturing would solely have made our shares piles greater.
Do you assume industrial mining will finish to CIL’s monopoly?
The apprehension that industrial coal mining would destabilise CIL is unfounded. Underneath Atmanirbhar Bharat, the intention behind the entry of personal gamers in industrial mining is to ramp up indigenous coal output and meet the home demand in a self-reliant method by decreasing import dependency and foreign exchange outgo. In that sense, it’s a welcome transfer. I don’t see any battle between CIL and personal gamers.
We proceed to function inside our personal competent sphere, sustaining our management standing. Key points that may assist us keep forward are established infrastructure, streamlined operations, uniform coal high quality, value effectivity and dependable, well timed supply. If there are some mutually useful widespread causes (with personal industrial miners) like creating widespread areas or infrastructure, we could maybe take a name on these on a case-to-case foundation.
The federal government’s focus has been on import substitution. How has CIL helped this initiative?
CIL has enabled import discount to the tune of 90 MT in FY21. We opened a brand new public sale window in October solely for patrons importing coal and booked 7.5 MT. We allowed our coal firms to signal MoUs, underneath import substitution, with 17 energy crops linked with them. Underneath this, over 11 MT was provided. We provided 9.7 MT of further coal to state and central producing firms underneath a flexi-utilisation coverage, enabling them to scale back coal imports. Further coal was provided to the non-regulated sectors in opposition to gasoline provide agreements of as much as 100% of annual contracted amount. In fact, freight value improve and rise in worldwide costs could possibly be supplementary elements that helped curb imports.
Points referring to coal high quality have as soon as once more cropped up. However you declare Rs 660 crore this fiscal as web high quality bonus. How will you agree this disagreement?
Indian coal is heterogeneous as a consequence of its drift origin and the calorific worth of coal extracted from the identical seam at totally different factors tends to differ, since a seam is prolonged. Furthermore, CIL doesn’t declare coal grade, however the Coal Controller’s Workplace does it yearly. This at occasions results in downgrading and even upgrading of declared grade high quality throughout the seam.
We’ve got reassessed coal grading of 35 high-capacity mines contributing 71% of the full manufacturing, and there have been no grade variations within the mines of 4 subsidiaries and minor variation within the mines of three subsidiaries. Of the 374 mines reassessed final fiscal, gradation remained unchanged in 335 mines. Upgradation occurred in 15 mines. Round 50% of our complete manufacturing is finished with floor miners entailing blast-free seam publicity, which results in higher high quality output. We’ve got on-line ash analysers in NCL and MCL mines for real-time high quality evaluation.
We use cellular crushers for sized coal. Thereafter, we supply out authorised third celebration sampling and provisional billing on declared grade.
Typically, Indian coal costs are greater than imported coal owing to rail freights and statutory levies. Isn’t this hampering import substitution?
Though CIL gives coal at appreciable low cost, the statutory levies and excessive rail freight makes landed value of CIL’s coal much less aggressive than coal sourced from overseas. It could assist CIL serve the nation higher if some freight concessions are allowed to clients positioned between 701 and 1,400 km. Most of our buyer focus is throughout the mentioned distance. Taxes and levies on home coal are comparatively excessive in comparison with coal of comparable GCV sourced from overseas. If there’s a relook at levies and tax rationalisation on home coal, it might be a shot within the arm for CIL’s import substitution efforts. GST compensation cess at `400 per tonne can be one other issue that could possibly be appeared into.
The federal government has already proposed forming a coal change. What’s your tackle it?
The proposal is at a nascent stage, however it might be on the traces of commodity derivatives change. The e-trading platform will uncover clear pricing, with demand and provide being the motive force. A unified coal buying and selling platform might help improve advertising and utilization of home coal. It might result in higher worth discovery and have quicker gross sales cycles. It could have wider attain to shoppers throughout the nation, together with smaller merchants and patrons. Worth negotiation and counter-offer facility might help improve gross sales quantity.
What are the challenges awaiting CIL within the new fiscal? The place is CIL going to go 5 years down the road?
The main near-term problem is depleted demand for coal. Wage revision of non-executive staff will probably be efficient from July 1, however giant manpower discount could have a stabilising impact and so the wage invoice impact could also be flat. Rising excellent receivables can be an enormous problem to us, although there isn’t a debt threat since most of it’s from Central and state gencos.
5 years therefore, CIL would proceed to be vibrant, sustaining its dominant position in assembly the main portion of the nation’s major industrial vitality wants. Our proportion share could lower progressively, however in absolute phrases we’d nonetheless be an vitality chief.