For those who take insulin, you could use a blood glucose tester, or glucometer, a couple of occasions a day. For those who take non-insulin treatment, you could solely want an A1c check, which is completed at your physician’s workplace, each 3-6 months. An A1c check is a blood check that exhibits your physician the typical of your blood glucose ranges over 3 months.
Blood Glucose Checks as You Age
As you become older, your physician might change the way you monitor your blood sugar.
“The targets your physician needs you to goal for might change primarily based in your age or different well being elements,” says Patrice Conrad, a senior diabetes specialist at Precedence Well being in Grand Rapids, MI.
“Older sufferers are at a better threat of getting low blood glucose with sure medicines, similar to insulin and sulfonylureas,” says Jocelyne Karam, MD, director of the Division of Endocrinology at Maimonides Medical Middle in Brooklyn, NY.
What Blood Glucose Checks Do
Your blood glucose ranges go up and down all through the day. They might rise after you eat, then fall after you go a very long time with out consuming.
Your physician provides you with a goal vary to your blood glucose stage. If it goes too low, you possibly can have issues functioning and pondering effectively. In the event that they go too excessive, it could trigger issues to your physique over time.
By utilizing a glucometer, you possibly can test your ranges and make changes to maintain them in a wholesome vary.
Forms of Blood Glucose Checks
There are several types of blood glucose exams.
Fingerstick blood glucose check. With this check, you poke your finger with a lancet to get a small drop of blood. You place the blood on a strip, then the glucometer tells you what your blood sugar stage is at that second.
Steady glucose monitoring system (CGM). With a CGM check, you set a sticker-like patch, or glucose sensor, in your pores and skin. It offers you a readout in your smartphone or one other system like an insulin pump. “It will probably measure and transmit glucose readings each 5 minutes, 24 hours a day,” says Karam. Chances are you’ll change the sensor each 7-14 days.
“The good thing about CGM is you possibly can see what your blood sugars are on a regular basis, better of all, with out poking,” says Conrad, a registered nurse. A CGM is useful when you’ve got a number of insulin photographs through the day or in case your ranges range so much.
The right way to Select the Proper Check for You
One of the best check could be the one which’s best so that you can use.
“There are speaking meters for individuals who might not see effectively, and a few might have larger numbers for these with restricted imaginative and prescient,” says Conrad. Some have backlighting, to make them simpler to learn. Others retailer your readings so you possibly can share them together with your physician by downloading them.
“Older sufferers who’ve issue sticking their fingers, however nonetheless have to have frequent glucose readings, can profit from glucose sensors,” says Karam. However you want some technical talent to make use of a CGM system, so that they might not be proper for everybody.
Speak to your physician or pharmacist about which check could also be greatest for you.
When to Examine Your Blood Sugar
Your physician will inform you how typically to check your blood glucose ranges, and if you could make adjustments as you age.
“For those who’re on insulin, they’ll typically need you to test earlier than meals and bedtime,” says Conrad. “In the event that they’ve been operating excessive or low, they’ll need at the least that many, if no more, exams.”
In case your numbers have been operating at or close to your goal more often than not and also you’re not taking insulin with meals, your physician might suggest testing much less typically.
“Sufferers with sort 2 diabetes handled with food regimen alone, or medicines that don’t trigger low blood glucose, would possibly solely have to test with a fingerstick a couple of occasions every week,” Karam says.
When you’ve got adjustments in medicines, medical circumstances, or urge for food, your physician might suggest adjusting your testing schedule to keep away from low blood sugar.
Hold Your Numbers on Goal as You Age
You’ll be able to take steps to ensure your blood glucose ranges keep at a wholesome goal vary. “A lot of issues have an effect on your blood sugar. Some you’ve management over, some you don’t,” Conrad says.
Right here’s what you are able to do to maintain your ranges on observe.
- Eat wholesome more often than not.
- Be as energetic as you possibly can.
- Handle your stress the most effective that you would be able to.
Examine your blood sugar ranges as typically as your physician recommends.
- Take your treatment on time, each time.